Issue Topic: The elderly, anthropotechnics and the seminar
List of abstracts
Dementia and patients’ advance directives: Selected issues by Patrycja Zurzycka
The varied and unpredictable course of dementia makes it impossible to state with any certainty when and to what extent the patients’ autonomy and competence will be diminished.
Patients’ advance directives allow them to extend their will to the point in the future when their current decision-making capacity is no longer viable. These directives are an important component of an overall plan of care, but respecting their contents may raise dilemmas arising from inconsistencies between the previously expressed wishes and more recent directives made by patients with a limited ability to take independent decisions.
The aim of this study is to discuss selected issues related to the functioning of patients’ advance directives in the case of people suffering from dementia.
The social and health situation of elderly women in light of the research to date: An outline of the issues by Elżbieta Kościńska
The multi-functional organizational structure of the nursing home and its network of mutual relations: An outline of the issues by Adrian Biela
Competitive sports and amateur sports activity by seniors as a sign of a new lifestyle in retirement by Adrian Biela
Senior citizens who actively participate in sports represent a new lifestyle in retirement, which can be described as multi sports activity. This is marked by self-acceptance while developing their physical fitness, regular activity, discipline, a responsible approach to the body (health), the need for social contact with others like themselves (e.g. through participation in sports events), consistently overcoming the barriers of social consciousness, maintaining a proactive approach in other areas of life (not just sports, but everyday life as well), kindness, joy, optimism and inexhaustible energy reserves and mutual kindness (a lack of unhealthy competition).
Homo immunologicus: The ethical implications of anthropotechnics by Monika Bakalarz
This article presents and analyzes the concept of anthropotechnics in the philosophy of Peter Sloterdijk, enabling the author to develop his own theory of culture. This concept of culture represents a view of symbolic systems as anthropotechnical tools that influence and aim to shape a human being. The article identifies the theory of culture appearing in Sloterdijk’s work based on the genetic method, which is grounded in the concept of anthropotechnics. At the same time, the work focuses on the study of the ethical implications of anthropotechnics appearing in two fields distinguished in the article: objective and subjective. This paper represents a contribution to the study of the origin of humanity. It reveals the controversial nature of Sloterdijk’s theory, which is led by the ideal of a perfectionistic attitude towards life along with the paradoxes (outlined in the work) resulting from this ideal in real-life practice. The final part of the article includes a discussion of Sloterdijk’s philosophical theses and distills the thinker’s ethical stance.